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Lesson 15. International business.

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Lesson 15.

International business.

The international corporation or global company has its origin. Usually it is the outgrowth of the great trading companies of the 17th and 18th centuries, in 1811 a New York statute said corporations could be created by the filing of documents. After that it became a matter of bureaucratic operations to become a corporation. By 1850 it was a very common thing in the United States and was under general statute in European countries as well. Since that time the corporate movement began. As the jet plane, satellite communications and computers began, it became possible for a company to control business in all the world.

The-growth of international corporations operations is faster than the economic growth of the industrialized nations. There are some projects which predict that within a generation almost a half of the free words production will be internationalized.

This trend for internationalism presupposes some benefits such as new jobs, higher living standards and the closing of the gaps between people -economic, educational and technological. At the same time serious questions, can be asked. Is it the most efficient way to use world resources? Can the international corporation be the best force for a better world? Is it politically stronger than government? Can it take care of the self interest and competitiveness on behalf of the greatest good? And in what way can the global company work toward easing the worlds crises - monetary, political, energy and food?

multinational corporation

global mpn

outgrowth ,

statute

satellite communication

closing of the gaps

jet plane

bureaucratic

Comprehension questions.

1. What is the origin of the multinational company?

2. When did the corporate movement begin?

3. Why did it become possible for a company to control enterprises on the other side of the globe?

4. How quickly is internationalism growing?

5. What can internationalism bring?

6. What problems can arise with internationalism?

7. What are your own answers and explanations to this problems?

Vocabulary practice

Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence.

1. All countries must prepare for possible energy in the future and save fuel. | 1. internationalized

2. If you want to form a corporation today you must fulfil operations. | 2. statute

3. When one deals with the currency of another country, it is necessary to know the current exchange rate. | 3. bureaucratic

4. is one factor to influence the growth of international business. | 4. monetary

5. Some analysts state that most of the free worlds production will be . | 5. crisis

6. In 1985 the said that cooperatives could be created. | 6. satellite communication

7. International corporation is very often an of old trading companies. | 7. outgrowth

expertise ,

to advance , ,

to sell abroad

net income ; (.) ,

internationalism

transmission

engine

axle ,

bill of lading ,

receipt

claim

draft ,

party (.)

extension of credit

face value

branch ,

to pile up ,

capital surpluses

Exercise 3. Answer the questions.

1. Do you have plans for international cooperation for your business?

2. What obstacles are there on the way of development of international cooperation in this country?

3. What branches of business will develop fast in the sphere of international cooperation?

4. Do you think that internationalism will help to solve many social problems?

5. What place do you think this country will take in international economy?

Exercise 4. Translate into English (. 99).

1. .

2. .

3. .

4. .

5. .

6. .

7. .

8. .


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